Urban planning, also known as regional development, is the process of developing land for public use. It protects public welfare whilst optimising the space available. It also concerns the design of any city, with consideration to:
- Existing infrastructures
- Traffic and transportation
Distribution and manufacturer
All fields and industries work together to implement regional development projects, including architecture, public administration and engineering. Traditionally, the government decides how to strategise for these developments. New theories on regional development focus on community involvement.
Why do we need it?
Regional development ensures that the government builds the city for growth. The goal is to make cities liveable. This means that citizens should have access to basic necessities (clean air, water and food). They should also have access to jobs, along with a reasonable time for commutes.
Jobs are dependent on the economy. This is why the development has to make way for new business opportunities. Economic activity is key to make any community thrive. To do this, the government has to make the area a prime area for investments.
How do they do it?
There are a few prevalent theories in regional development. However, it can all be traced back to the Blueprint method. During the industrial revolution in the late 1800s, spatial factors were seen as important aspects in structuring a city. They discovered that certain elements (traffic, air, water, standard housing and green space) were important in city living.
As the government began industrialising cities, these spatial factors were given consideration. Whilst this led to a lot of positive changes, it forgot one thing: the community. Although people were moving closer to their jobs, the planners forgot to factor in what the people wanted out of their living spaces.
Today, placemaking is popular amongst city planners. It combines the rationality of the Blueprint method with participation from the community. They consult the people as to which projects they want in their space. This engages them to be a part of how they build their city, helping to preserve the culture in any space.
Want to know more about urban planning? Call JOC Consulting.